Grenada

 

Click to download detailed topographic map

Total area:

344 km2 

Population:  

110,000  (2000), 102,598 (2011)

Coastline:

121 km 

Terrain: 

Volcanic in origin with central mountains. Max elevation: 840 m 

General overview

Grenada, which comprises three small islands; Grenada, Carriacou and Petit Martinique, is located approximately at 12º 07'N, 61º 40' W in the windward side of the chain of islands in the Caribbean. Grenada is the largest among these islands, with an area of around 344 km2 and an estimated population of 110,000. Its climate is tropical with an annual rainfall of 3,500 millimetres on the windward mountain sides and less than 1,500 millimetres in the lowlands. It has two seasons wet (June to November) and dry (December to May). There is highest rainfall in the wet season and this is the period of most likely occurrence of hurricanes. Grenada is volcanic in origin and its landscape is scenic with hilly landform and forested hillsides.  About 77 % land area has slopes exceeding 20 degrees. Mount St. Catherine (840 meters) is the highest point on the Island. Most of the population is settled along the coastal belt and specifically in the south-west side of the main Island. Inland, there is extensive agriculture and forested area. 

Go to maps of Grenada  

Basic Country Statistics and Indicators (2014) 

(From http://www.preventionweb.net/countries/grd/data/

More statistical information is available from: http://data.worldbank.org/country/grenada 

Population

people

105,897


Urban


% Total population


35.583


Rural


% Total population


64.417


Urban population growth


% Annual


0.340


Population density


People / km2


311.5


GDP (Gross Domestic Product)


Million US$


834.074


GDP per capita


Million US$


7,890.513


Capital stock


Million US$


4,536


GFCF (Gross Fixed Capital Formation)


Million US$


144.579


Social Expenditure


Million US$


74


Gross Savings


Million US$


-68.345


Total reserves


Million US$


150.571

 

 

 

Nationally Reported Losses 1990 - 2014

 (From http://www.preventionweb.net/countries/grd/data/

8-year moving average 2005-2013

Extensive [%]

Intensive [%]


DataCards


3.38


100.00


0.00


Deaths


0.00


100.00


0.00


House destroyed


1.25


100.00


0.00


House damaged


724.88


100.00


0.00


Injured people


0.13


100.00


0.00


Displaced people


923.75


50.00


0.00


Combined economic loss (US$)


8,420,840.50


100.00


0.00

 
Probabilistic risk results, Average Annual Loss (AAL) by hazard 

(From http://www.preventionweb.net/countries/grd/data/

Hazard
 

Absolute 
[Million US$]

Capital 
stock[%]

GFCF
[%]

Social
exp[%]

Total
Reserves [%]

Gross
Savings [%]


Earthquake


8.60


0.190


5.948


11.653


5.712


-12.583


Wind


10.12


0.223


7.000


13.712


6.721


-14.807


Storm Surge


10.95


0.241


7.574


14.837


7.272


-16.022


Tsunami


0.01


0.000


0.007


0.014


0.007


-0.015


Multi-Hazard


29.68


0.654


20.529


40.215


19.712


-43.427

 
Natural hazards: 

Historically, Grenada was considered relatively safe from hurricanes owing to its location in the southernmost region of the hurricane belt, with 3 hurricanes since the beginning of the 20th century. However, the country was heavily affected by Hurricane Ivan in 2004, and Hurricane Emily in 2005. There are two active volcanoes in Grenada, Mount St. Catherine in the center of the island and the submarine volcano Kick-€˜em-Jenny located 8 km north of the island, which has lead to tsunami in the past. Flood risk in grenada is largely associated with storm surge in low lying coastal areas. Flash flooding from mountain streams coupled with storm surge events are the primary causes of flood events and effects are generally limited to communities located in the coastal margins along stream passages. landslides are a common event in Grenada, with much of the impact experienced along the roadway network. 

Download World Bank GFDRR report on Grenada 

Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015